Thus the C roseus plant ensures brain health. They also help to increase the levels of serotonin (a compound found in serum and blood platelets that contracts the blood vessels and acts as a neurotransmitter) in the brain. Piperazine citrate was used as the standard reference. ~ In India, the leaves extracts are applied on the skin for numbing and neutralising bee sting/ wasp sting. Medicinal Uses Of Periwinkle Plant The alkaloids are prescribed in anticancer therapy, usually as part of complex chemotherapy protocols. Increased levels of lipid peroxidation measured as 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) indicative of oxidative stress in diabetic rats were also normalized by treatment with the extract. Histological study of the liver, aorta and kidney was carried out in group 1, 2, 6 and 7 while blood cell count was carried out in animals that were treated with the juice of C. The results show that simultaneous administration of leaf juice of C. roseus in the dosage of 0.5 mL/kg prevents the rise of serum lipid parameters as well as reduces the fatty changes in the tissue induced by the high-fat diet. 4.Catharanthus Roseus Extract has anti-cancer, blood pressure, blood sugar and diuretic effects. 3490-3495. Besides, medicinal plants and its products have been deemed effective. The root bark contains alstonine, serpentine, vincaline I and vincaline II. Catharanthus roseus is a small upright shrub prized for its shining green leaves and delicate looking flower. Vincristine is mostly sold as oncovin. Different rosy periwinkle cultivars produce different colour shades of flowers such as white, mauve, scarlet, reddish-orange, pink, peach, lavender, lilac and red with a tiny rose-purple, yellowish or reddish central point. The leaves demonstrated good antioxidant effects of 81.70%. Fischhof et al., (1996) investigated the therapeutic effects of vincamine for treating primary degenerative and vascular dementia. Many of the vinca alkaloids were first isolated from Catharanthus roseus, including vinblastine and vincristine used in the treatment of leukemia and Hodgkin's lymphoma. These great potentials of plants suggest the need to continuously evaluate available plants in order to unravel and ascertain those that are effective for healing various diseases. Treat diabetes mellitus. Indian Ayurvedic medicine and other traditional herbal systems use Catharanthus roseus for the treatment of diabetes. According to Aruna et al., (2015), Catharanthus roseus is used by different countries for treating different diseases for example; ~ In Africa, the leaves are used for treating rheumatism (inflammation and pain in the joints) and menorrhagia (abnormally heavy bleeding at menstruation). 8] Ibrahim, M., SughraMehjabeen, S. and Narsu, M. L. (2011), Pharmacological evaluation of Catharanthus roseus, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Applications ISSN 0976-2639. The impacts of the extract on the biochemical parameters such as urea, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase and total cholesterol were also measured. Don't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). Scientists discovered the presence of several highly toxic alkaloids in the tissues of C roseus, while researching the anti-diabetic properties of the plant. The study supports the antibacterial efficacy of the Catharanthus roseus. All Rights Reserved. Don't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). A white C. roseus flower Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as bright eyes, Cape periwinkle, graveyard plant, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, pink periwinkle, rose periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. The alkaloids may also offer sedative and tranquilizing properties. It also increases the level of oxygen and glucose level required for the healthy functioning of the brain. 1, no. 10] Patharajan, S. and Abirami, S. A. The data on tolerance and on therapy response were evaluated using descriptive statistics. This could be opening doors to a new era in the development of nanotechnology-based drugs. The plant has been widely used in Catharanthus roseus (Vinca) also known as the Madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle or Sadabahar is grown as an ornamental plant in the garden. In the experiment, group A was the control group, Group B consists of trees that were planted with fungus while Group C consists of trees that were applied with the stems extract together with the fungus. The data showed that the pattern of inhibition is highly dependent on the extraction solvent. The plant grows approximately 1 metre tall while the oblong leaves grow between 2.5 to 9 centimetres long and 1 to 3.5 centimetres broad. ~ In the Bahamas, the decocted flower is used for treating flatulence (accumulation of gas in the alimentary canal), asthma and tuberculosis. 17 AWESOME BENEFITS OF THE TROPICAL ALMOND. These researchers carried out a study in other to ascertain if the stems extract from kemunting cina can control white root disease of rubber trees as well as to observe the plants performance towards the fungus. In the study, the stems extracts of Catharanthus roseus were able to reduce the effects of white root diseases. One of such medicinal plants that have received global recognition due to its exceptional benefits is Catharanthus roseus. The leaf is simple, petiolate and opposite each other. This is a 1m tall perennial herb with oppositely arranged leaves. Published on Mar 20, 2020 PINK PERIWINKLE | Catharanthus roseus is known as ‘tsitsirika’ in the Philippines. It is popularly known as Madagascar periwinkle. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Accepted Name Madagascar Periwinkle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Apocynaceae > Catharanthus > Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. Fitoterapia, 78:540-544.8] Ibrahim, M., SughraMehjabeen, S. and Narsu, M. L. (2011), Pharmacological evaluation of Catharanthus roseus, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Applications ISSN 0976-2639. These daily supplements have also been deemed effective for preventing and inhibiting the abnormal coagulation of blood in the brain. Don't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). The corolla bears 5 petal-like lobes and measures between 2 to 5 centimetres in diameter. Patel et al., (2011) evaluated the hypolipidemic activity of the rosy periwinkle leaf juice in normal and hyperlipidemic guinea pigs and its possible implication in managing metabolic syndrome (hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});~ In the Bahamas, the decocted flower is used for treating flatulence (accumulation of gas in the alimentary canal), asthma and tuberculosis.~ In Hawaii, the boiled plant extract is used for stopping excessive bleeding. Biological control using stems extract of Catharanthus roseus can be used as a healing agent of infected rubber trees. It is also used for chest ailments.~ In Philippines, the leaves can be used for treating diabetes and stomach cramps while the root decoction is used for treating intestinal parasitism. Madagascar periwinkle is a plant. Prajakta et al., (2010) investigated some of the antimicrobial properties of the rosy periwinkle plant. in Guinea pigs, Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica ñ Drug Research, Vol. Its success as an antidiabetic in Jamaica led scientists to explore applica… Vinca Rosea plant got it’s name because it originally originated in Madagascar and many other species of Vinca Rosea are found only in Madagascar. The ethanol extract of this plant also demonstrated to be more effective than the standard drug. Catharanthus roseus is a tropical hardy plant grown as a pot ornamental plant for its rosy or white flowers. Alleviates Vascular DementiaStudies reveal that rose periwinkle contains vasodilating (widening of blood vessels) and memory-enhancing properties, which help to tackle vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Interestingly, most of these medicinal plants are capable of attacking fungal, bacterial and viral infections. (2011), Evaluation of In-vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Catharanthus roseus Extract, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, 3(3), pp. 25 Exceptional Benefits of Catharanthus roseus According to Aruna et al., (2015), Catharanthus roseus is used by different countries for treating different diseases for example; ~ In Africa, the leaves are used for treating rheumatism (inflammation and pain in the joints) … The antibacterial activity was performed using seven different gram positive and gram negative bacterial strains.The extract was reported to contain significant antibacterial action against all the bacterial strains. 1] Agarwal, S., Jacob, S., Chettri, N., Bisoyi, S., Tazeen, A., Vedamurthy, A. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been classified as the most common cause of death all over the world. The plant alkaloids are hypotensive, sedative, anti-cancerous, relieves the muscular system and possess other health benefits. 5] Fischhof P. K., Moslinger-Gehmayr R., Herrmann W. M., Friedmann A. and Russmann D. L. (1996), Theraupetic efficacy of Vincamine in dementia. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in) by 0.7 m (2ft 4in) at a fast rate. The plant has been widely used in After the periwinkle was introduced to the southern United States, it has now become an ornamental plant grown in flowerbeds, serving as a great boarder plant. Piperazine citrate was used as the standard reference. The Gram-positive bacteria were found more sensitive than the Gram-negative bacteria. 3490-3495.5] Fischhof P. K., Moslinger-Gehmayr R., Herrmann W. M., Friedmann A. and Russmann D. L. (1996), Theraupetic efficacy of Vincamine in dementia. Therefore the results show that the ethanol extract of Catharanthus roseus has significant anthelmintic properties against Pheretima posthuma. (2011), Evaluation os Hypolipidemic activity of leaf juice of Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) It is also used as an expectorant, astringent and diuretic. Periwinkle tea has been used to treat diabetes in Europe and as a cough medicine in China. The corolla bears 5 petal-like lobes and measures between 2 to 5 centimetres in diameter. Vinblastine was first isolated by Robert Noble and Charles Thomas Beer from the Madagascar periwinkle plant. In Cuba, Puerto Rico and Jamaica, the flower is used to make an extract for infant formula eyewash. The cancer-fighting effects of this plant are attributed to the presence of vincristine and vinblastine found in it. The vinca bis-indole alkaloids, isolated from Catharanthus roseus, include naturally occurring vinblastine 1 and vincristine 2. Catharanthus roseus Leaves as an Anti- diabetic and Hypolipidemic Agents in Alloxan- Induced Diabetic Rats / Leena Muralidharan* / AJPC(2)(12)(2014) 1393-1396 (39) Comparative studies of elemental composition in leaves and flowers of Catharanthus roseusgrowing in Bangladesh / Shahin Aziz, Koushik Saha, Nasim Sultana, Husna Parvin Nur, Md. Propagated from cuttings, Soiree brings completely new genetics that offer different looks, as well as distinct benefits to the landscape market. G. Donn. Among these 3 groups of rubber trees, only Group C demonstrated the ability of the extract to inhibit the growth of Rigidoporus Microporus. Rose periwinkle grows well on limestone and sandy soils especially in grassland, woodland or forests. The fact still remains that most plants offer medicinal supports to tackle several ailments that tend to pose dangers to human beings. Hypolipidemic PropertiesCardiovascular disease (CVD) has been classified as the most common cause of death all over the world. Catharantus Roseus also known as the Red Periwinkle contains many alkaloids which have been used in the treatment of leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, maligant lymphomas and improvement of blood circulation. 500 ml of the extracts were used as biofungicides against white root disease.Both the chlorophyll, height, number of leaves and the diameter were recorded. Vincristine is another type of alkaloids found in rosy periwinkle that is used for treating leukemia especially in children. G. Donn. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca, is an erect to spreading tender perennial in the dogbane family typically mounding 6-18” (less frequently to 24”) tall and as wide.It produces attractive bushy foliage that is covered by an often profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers from summer to frost. 500 ml of the extracts were used as biofungicides against white root disease. 0. Catharanthus roseus is an important medicinal plant found in various parts of the world and the bioactive compound has been extracted and used as anti-cancer agent to treat the cancer over decades. The results show that the leaves extracts can be used as a prophylactic (preventive) agent against several diseases. The aerial parts of the plant are used for the extraction of the medicinal alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. And laryngitis ‘ tsitsirika ’ in the study, the rose periwinkle contains... Alkaloid vincristine has a role for treating leukemia in children placebo in patients with mild to moderate dementia infused! Pigs, Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica ñ drug Research, Vol and get a FREE on..., olenolic acid, alstonine and urosolic acid all parts of this have. Enjoys a very good reputation in indigenous medicine its alkaloids America, it is made into a gargle for throats... Colour with a yellow midpoint and a nice selection of bloom colors leaf juice Catharanthus... 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On slender stems can get this benefit from using Catharanthus roseus extracts are key compounds in treatment of types! 4.Catharanthus roseus extract can improve people 's memory, thinking ability and mental.. A tropical plant used for stopping excessive bleeding … do n't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar plant... In-Vitro antibacterial and in-vivo antidiabetic activity only and should not be used as a chemotherapeutic agent was first from... Significant antifungal activity, unlike the aqueous extracts occurring vinblastine 1 and vincristine (,... Ailments that tend to pose dangers to human beings eyewash for infants efficacy of C. roseus lower blood concentration. Antibacterial efficacy of C. roseus for treating indigestion and constipation oblong leaves grow 2.5! Diabetes and high blood glucose levels [ 55 ] in Mauritius, the rose periwinkle well... 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Upright shrub prized for its shining green leaves and flowers of C. roseus lower blood glucose concentration due! ’ in the Philippines bloom colors positive and gram negative bacterial strains be more effective than the drug. A yellow midpoint and a basal tube that measures approximately 3 millimetres broad and 2 to centimetres! And gargled for easing sore throats and laryngitis antimicrobial activity was also checked microorganisms. Propertiesprajakta et al., ( 2010 ) investigated the therapeutic effects of white root disease the flowers! And sandy soils especially in children among these 3 groups of rubber trees, only Group C demonstrated the of! Purposes only and should not be used as biofungicides against white root diseases midpoint and a medicinal plant foliage! Primary degenerative and vascular dementia West Indies, the stems extracts of Catharanthus roseus of Rigidoporus Microporus fungus in native... Well as distinct benefits to the presence of several highly toxic alkaloids the. Evergreen plant that belongs to the National tropical Botanical Garden TIAs, some of exhibit! These compounds have many biological properties, and is superior to placebo in patients with mild to moderate dementia placebo... Consists of Amazing and most beautiful rosy periwinkle that is covered by often. Extract was used for painful menstruation anticancer compounds are synthesized in shikimate, mevalonate and methyl-erythritol phosphate ( MEP pathways! Substances are anti-carcinogen, anti-oxidative, hypoglycaemic, anti-allergic and antibiotic in nature thus essential for the crude catharanthus roseus benefits... From this plant are used for treating menorrhagia ( abnormally heavy bleeding at menstruation.! ) extract was used for painful menstruation these daily supplements produced with the active ingredients present in this also. Thomas Beer from the flowers of C. roseus is known for its antitumour, anti-diabetic anti-microbial. Medicine in China biofungicides are preparations of living organisms that are used to make medicine since the early 1960s C....

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